Authorities extended lockdown restrictions in hotspot areas of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR) until midnight on July 31 due to a continued rise in the number of confirmed coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases. The Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation (NMMC) reported that lockdown restrictions have been extended in 42 hotspots. In areas with lower infection rates and no lockdown, certain shops will be allowed to open on an odd-even scheme between 09:00 and 17:00 (local time). Officials have urged residents to maintain social distancing as much as possible.
Additionally, on July 14, authorities imposed a complete lockdown in Bihar state until July 31. The lockdown came into effect on Thursday, July 16. Throughout the lockdown period, all private and commercial establishments, educational institutions, places of worship, and parks have been closed. Essential services are allowed to continue, and restaurants can provide delivery and takeaway services. The decision came following a significant spike in COVID-19 cases across the state.
As of Monday, July 20, there have been 1,118,206 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in the country, and 27,497 associated fatalities. Further international spread of the virus is expected in the near term.
The first case of COVID-19 was reported on December 31 and the source of the outbreak has been linked to a wet market in Wuhan (Hubei province, China). Since then, human-to-human transmission of the virus has been confirmed.
Cases of the virus have been confirmed in numerous countries and territories worldwide. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the global outbreak a pandemic. Virus-screening and quarantining measures are being implemented at airports worldwide, as well as extensive travel restrictions.
The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, dry cough, and tiredness. Some patients may experience other symptoms such as body pains, nasal congestion, headache, conjunctivitis, sore throat, diarrhea, loss of taste or smell or a rash on skin or discoloration of fingers or toes. These symptoms (in most cases mild) appear gradually. Generally, most patients (around 80 percent) recover from the disease without being hospitalized.
Measures adopted by local authorities evolve quickly and are usually effective immediately. Depending on the evolution of the outbreak in other countries, authorities are likely to modify, at very short notice, the list of countries whose travelers are subject to border control measures or entry restrictions upon their arrival to the territory in question. It is advised to postpone nonessential travel due to the risk that travelers may be refused entry or be subject to quarantine upon their arrival or during their stay.
To reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission, travelers are advised to abide by the following measures:
- Frequently clean hands by applying an alcohol-based hand rub or washing with soap and water.
- When coughing and sneezing, cover mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue; if used, throw the tissue away immediately and wash hands.
- If experiencing a fever, cough, difficulty breathing, or any other symptoms suggestive of respiratory illness, including pneumonia, call emergency services before going to the doctor or hospital to prevent the potential spread of the disease.
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