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10 Oct 2020 | 10:59 PM UTC

Azerbaijan: Clashes reported in Nagorno-Karabakh despite ceasefire agreement October 10 /update 13

Azerbaijan News Alert

Clashes reported in Nagorno-Karabakh despite ceasefire agreement on October 10; further conflict violence likely in near term

TIMEFRAME expected from 10/9/2020, 11:00 PM until 10/18/2020, 10:59 PM (Asia/Baku). COUNTRY/REGION Azerbaijan, Azerbaijan

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Clashes were reported on both sides of the Line of Contact in the contested Nagorno-Karabakh region in western Azerbaijan between Armenian-backed separatists loyal to the self-proclaimed Artsakh Republic and Azeri forces on Saturday, October 10, despite a ceasefire agreement between the Armenian and Azeri governments. The Armenian government accused Azeri forces of shelling targets within Armenia and of launching an attack on the frontline shortly after the ceasefire took hold. Air raid sirens were also activated in Stepanakert, the capital of the Nagorno- Karabakh region, however, it is unclear if any explosions took place. The Azeri government meanwhile accused Armenian forces of shelling populated areas and carrying out attacks along the frontline.

Further clashes in and around the Nagorno-Karabakh region are highly likely over the near term. Clashes along the length of the Armenian-Azerbaijani border outside the Nagorno-Karabakh region cannot be ruled out. A heightened security presence and disruptions to transportation are expected.


The latest round of hostilities erupted on September 27, when Azerbaijani forces reportedly carried out strikes on settlements in the Nagorno-Karabakh region, including the regional capital Stepanakert. Following retaliatory attacks by separatist forces, Azerbaijan launched what it claimed to be a 'counter-offensive' in response. Both Armenia and Azerbaijan made extensive use of heavy weapons during the clashes, including artillery and loitering munitions, and released footage claiming to show the destruction of enemy armored vehicles and installations. A state of war, martial law, and mobilization was declared in Armenia, Azerbaijan, and the self-proclaimed Republic of Artsakh. Over 400 people, including civilians, have been killed since the renewed outbreak of hostilities. In addition to fighting along the Line of Contact, cities in Nagorno-Karabakh and outside of the conflict zone have been targeted in artillery strikes including Stepanakert, Ganja, Barda, Beylagan, Terter, and Mingecevir.

On October 10, both sides agreed to a ceasefire to allow for the exchange of prisoners and the recovery of the bodies of those killed in the conflict and the cessation of hostilities will be followed up with further talks aimed at reaching a settlement regarding the Nagorno-Karabakh dispute.

Armenia and neighboring Azerbaijan have a long-standing dispute over the possession of Nagorno-Karabakh, home to some 150,000 inhabitants (mostly ethnic Armenians) and located in the west of Azerbaijan. This issue has fuelled tensions between the two countries since 1988; with some 30,000 people being killed in fighting from 1990 to 1994. The two countries declared another ceasefire in April 2016 after the region experienced four days of violent clashes that left hundreds dead.

Tensions between the two countries remain high and each side frequently accuses the other of violating the ceasefire agreement.


Western governments generally advise their citizens against all travel to Nagorno-Karabakh and the Azerbaijan-Armenia border. Those in Azerbaijan are advised to monitor developments and adhere to instructions issued by local authorities and their home governments.


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