At least 45 cases of malaria were reported in the capital city of Praia between Friday, June 30, and Sunday, July 30. Reports say unsuitable prevention methods, new mosquito breeding grounds, as well as incorrect use of insecticide may be to blame for the present outbreak. Authorities intend to address the underlying causes, but further spread of the illness remains possible.
From 2012 until 2017, only one case of malaria was reported annually on average throughout the country.
Symptoms of malaria include fever, chills, headache, nausea, and body aches. Early symptoms usually appear between ten and 15 days after the contaminating mosquito bite. There is no vaccine but preventive medications are available. Pregnant women, HIV-positive persons, children under the age of five, and the elderly are particularly vulnerable.
To minimize the risk of contracting malaria or the many other mosquito-borne diseases present in Cape Verde, use insect repellent, wear covering clothing, and sleep under mosquito netting or in an air conditioned room. If you develop a high fever during or after travel in areas affected by malaria, seek immediate medical attention.