The Health Department of the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (HDBMA) issued a dengue fever warning for the capital on Tuesday, September 18. The disease is reportedly spreading in Nong Chok, Huai Khwang, Bang Kapi, and Klong Sam Wa districts, with 5899 cases and five fatalities in 2018. Bangkok's governor announced officials would begin a fumigation campaign in all 50 districts of the capital and enact other disease control measures. The current spread of the disease is thought to be exacerbated by recent rains and flooding in the region.
As of September 8, Thailand has recorded 52,670 cases of dengue fever, resulting in 69 deaths. The numbers are higher than average, though indicate a lower rate than 2017.
Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne disease found mostly in urban and semi-urban areas. Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle and joint pain, fatigue, nausea, and rash. In a small number of cases, the potentially deadly dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) may develop, resulting in internal bleeding, enlargement of the liver, and high fever.
Individuals present in Thailand are advised to take measures to protect themselves from mosquito bites (e.g. by wearing covering clothing, using insect repellent, and sleeping in a screened-in or air-conditioned room) and to eliminate possible mosquito breeding grounds on their properties (e.g. small pockets of fresh water, such as rainwater that has collected in cans, bottles, tires, flower pots, clogged gutters, etc.).
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