Alertes de sécurité

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07 déc. 2018 | 16h11 UTC

Cuba: Potentially fatal dengue strand reported in Cienfuegos

Cuba Alerte de sécurité

Authorities confirm outbreak of the potentially fatal type 1 dengue fever strand in Cienfuegos province as of late November

TIMEFRAME expected from 6/12/2018, 12h00 until 31/12/2018, 11h59 (America/Havana). COUNTRY/REGION Cienfuegos

Event

In late November, authorities confirmed an outbreak of the type 1 strand of dengue fever in south-central Cienfuegos province. According to local health officials, no fatalities have been reported as of Wednesday, December 5, and special treatment centers have been created for patients with dengue fever. Authorities have also increased other public health measures, such as fumigation campaigns, to eliminate mosquito breading grounds.

Context

Outbreaks of type 1 dengue fever also occurred in Cuba in 1977 (over 500,000 people were infected) and in 1981, which left 344,203 people infected and 158 dead.

Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne disease found mostly in urban and semi-urban areas. Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle and joint pain, fatigue, nausea, and rash. In a small number of cases, the potentially deadly dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) may develop, resulting in internal bleeding, enlargement of the liver, and high fever.

Advice

Individuals present in Cuba are advised to take measures to protect themselves from mosquito bites (e.g. by wearing covering clothing, using insect repellent, and sleeping in a screened-in or air-conditioned room) and to eliminate possible mosquito breeding grounds on their properties (e.g. small pockets of fresh water, such as rainwater that has collected in cans, bottles, tires, flower pots, clogged gutters, etc.).

 

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