Alertes de sécurité

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11 sept. 2019 | 18h22 UTC

Pakistan: Dozens of polio cases reported as of September

Pakistan Alerte de sécurité

Health authorities report 62 confirmed polio cases from January to early September 2019; further spread of the outbreak possible over the near term

TIMEFRAME expected from 11/9/2019, 12h00 until 13/9/2019, 11h59 (Asia/Karachi). COUNTRY/REGION Pakistan, Sindh province, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province

Event

Pakistani health authorities reported two cases of polio on Sunday, September 8, in the provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Sindh. As of early September, a total of 62 cases of polio have been confirmed throughout Pakistan in 2019, including 46 in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province alone. Further spread of the disease is possible in the coming weeks and months. 

Context

Poliomyelitis, or polio, is an infectious disease caused by the transmission of the poliovirus through the intestines. The poliovirus is typically transmitted from one person to another by ingesting food or water containing infected fecal matter; in rare instances, it can be spread through infected saliva. Most poliovirus infections are asymptomatic while minor symptoms include fever, headache, and sore throat. One percent of infections enter the central nervous system, causing neck, back, and extremity pain, vomiting, and lethargy.

An effective vaccine against the disease exists. In late September, the Pakistani government launched a polio vaccination campaign aimed at immunizing 38.6 million children under the age of five.

Advice

Individuals in Pakistan are advised to verify their vaccination status and monitor developments to the situation.

 

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