A yellow fever outbreak has been declared on Tuesday, September 3, is ongoing throughout the northern state of Bauchi. According to health authorities, a total of 119 suspected cases have been reported along with 16 associated fatalities on Sunday, September 29. Mosquito control measures are being implemented in the affected areas.
According to the World Health Organization, over 2000 suspected cases of yellow fever were reported in 506 local government areas across Nigeria's 36 states between January and July 2019.
Yellow fever is a mosquito-borne disease endemic to large parts of sub-Saharan Africa and South America. Symptoms include fever, chills, muscle and back pain, vomiting, headaches, and, in more serious cases, hemorrhaging and organ failure. A vaccine provides lifelong immunity and should be administered at least ten days prior to travel to be fully effective.
Individuals in Nigeria, notably in Bauchi state, are advised to take measures to protect themselves from mosquito bites - by wearing covering clothing, using insect repellent, and sleeping under mosquito netting or in an air-conditioned room - and to eliminate possible mosquito breeding grounds (e.g. small pockets of fresh water, such as rainwater that has collected in cans, bottles, tires, flower pots, clogged gutters, etc.).
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