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22 avr. 2020 | 21h24 UTC

South Africa: Authorities announce deployment of over 70,000 troops to enforce COVID-19 lockdown April 22 /update 10

South Africa Alerte de sécurité

South African authorities announce on April 22 plans to deploy more than 70,000 additional troops to enforce coronavirus disease (COVID-19) lockdown measures; further international spread of COVID-19 to be expected over the coming weeks

TIMEFRAME expected from 22/4/2020, 12h00 until 26/6/2020, 11h59 (Africa/Johannesburg). COUNTRY/REGION South Africa

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On Wednesday, April 22, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa announced plans to deploy 73,180 additional troops to assist in efforts to enforce the nationwide coronavirus disease (COVID-19) lockdown. The current lockdown remains in effect until Thursday, April 30, and is likely to be extended. The additional troops will be deployed until Friday, June 26, to assist existing security personnel who have struggled to keep residents indoors and stop the illegal sale of alcohol.

The existing lockdown measures prohibit residents from leaving their homes with the exception of buying food, seeking medical help, or collecting social grants. Additionally, residents are prohibited from participating in outdoor exercise, including jogging and dog walking.

Emergency responders, health workers, and security-services staff are exempted from the measures. All businesses have been ordered to close except for supermarkets, pharmacies, laboratories, banks, petrol stations, health-care providers, and the Johannesburg Stock Exchange.

As of April 22, authorities have confirmed 3465 COVID-19 cases nationwide, with 58 associated deaths. Further international spread of the virus is expected over the coming weeks.


The first case of COVID-19 was reported on December 31 and the source of the outbreak has been linked to a wet market in Wuhan (China). Human-to-human and patient-to-medical staff transmission of the virus have been confirmed. Many of the associated fatalities have been due to pneumonia caused by the virus.

Cases of the virus have been confirmed in numerous countries and territories worldwide. Virus-screening and quarantining measures are being implemented at airports worldwide, as well as extensive travel restrictions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 a pandemic.

Pneumonia symptoms include dry cough, chest pain, fever, and labored breathing. Pneumonia can be contagious and can be transmitted from human to human. The influenza virus, or the flu, is a common cause of viral pneumonia. 


Measures adopted by local authorities evolve quickly and are usually effective immediately. Depending on the evolution of the outbreak in other countries, authorities are likely to modify, at very short notice, the list of countries whose travelers are subject to border control measures or entry restrictions upon their arrival to the territory in question. It is advised to postpone nonessential travel due to the risk that travelers may be refused entry or be subject to quarantine upon their arrival or during their stay.

To reduce the general risk of transmission, travelers are advised to abide by the following measures:

  • Frequently clean hands by using alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water.
  • When coughing and sneezing, cover mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue; if used, throw the tissue away immediately and wash hands.
  • If experiencing a fever, cough, difficulty breathing, or any other symptoms suggestive of respiratory illness, including pneumonia, call emergency services before going to the doctor or hospital to prevent the potential spread of the disease.


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