On Tuesday, April 28, authorities announced that some travel restrictions implemented to curb the spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) will be eased on Wednesday, April 30, specifically for arrivals from mainland China. Students, teachers, and individuals engaged in "economic activity beneficial to Hong Kong" will be permitted to enter the territory without having to undergo the 14-day quarantine period. Such arrivals will however be subject to health screening including temperature checks at the border. The quarantine requirement for general travelers from the mainland however will continue until at least Sunday, June 7. This move follows three consecutive days without any new COVID-19 cases being confirmed in Hong Kong.
The territory has also ordered civil servants to start returning to work from Monday, May 4, as authorities look towards a gradual reopening of the economy.
On Monday, April 20, the Hong Kong government announced a 14-day extension of social distancing measures until Thursday, May 7. This latest extension comes after authorities recorded zero new cases of the virus for the first time on Monday, April 20, since the start of the pandemic in early March.
Under the current social distancing measures, bars, pubs, gyms, cinemas, mah-jong parlors, karaoke lounges, nightclubs, and other places of public entertainment will remain closed. In addition, beauty salons and massage parlors will also remain shut. Gatherings of more than four people in both indoor and outdoor public venues such as restaurants are prohibited. Restaurants are allowed to open but must ensure that their capacity does not exceed 50 percent. In addition, a maximum of four people is allowed per table, and tables must be distanced 1.5 m (4.9 ft) apart.
An existing entry ban on non-residents, including transit passengers, has been extended indefinitely as a precautionary measure. Travelers arriving from mainland China, Macau, or Taiwan are exempt from the restriction provided they have not traveled abroad in the 14 days prior, but must undergo a 14 day quarantine. Additionally, all ferry crossings between China, Macau, and Hong Kong remain suspended.
As of April 28, Hong Kong has reported 1037 confirmed cases with four associated deaths. Further international spread of the virus is to be expected over the near term.
The first case of COVID-19 was reported on December 31 and the source of the outbreak has been linked to a wet market in Wuhan (Hubei province, China). Human-to-human and patient-to-medical staff transmission of the virus have been confirmed. Many of the associated fatalities have been due to pneumonia caused by the virus.
Cases of the virus have been confirmed in numerous countries and territories worldwide. Virus-screening and quarantining measures are being implemented at airports worldwide, as well as extensive travel restrictions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 a pandemic.
Pneumonia symptoms include dry cough, chest pain, fever, and labored breathing. Pneumonia can be contagious and can be transmitted from human to human. The influenza virus, or the flu, is a common cause of viral pneumonia.
Measures adopted by local authorities evolve quickly and are usually effective immediately. Depending on the evolution of the outbreak in other countries, authorities are likely to modify, at very short notice, the list of countries whose travelers are subject to border control measures or entry restrictions upon their arrival to the territory in question. It is advised to postpone nonessential travel due to the risk that travelers may be refused entry or be subject to quarantine upon their arrival or during their stay.
To reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission, travelers are advised to abide by the following measures:
- Frequently clean hands by applying an alcohol-based hand rub or washing with soap and water.
- When coughing and sneezing, cover mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue; if used, throw the tissue away immediately and wash hands.
- If experiencing a fever, cough, difficulty breathing, or any other symptoms suggestive of respiratory illness, including pneumonia, call emergency services before going to the doctor or hospital to prevent the potential spread of the virus.
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