Israeli authorities announced on Monday, April 27, the intention to reopen schools as of Sunday, May 3, following a six-week closure aimed at curbing the spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Schools will be obliged to implement a class size limit of 15 students. Kindergarten and primary schools will open with children allotted specific attendance days. The plan, however, remains conditional on a consistent fall in the number of daily cases in the coming days.
Several businesses including stores and restaurants reopened on Sunday, April 26, though obliged to operate under strict social distancing and sanitation measures. On Sunday, April 26, officials at El Al Israel Airlines announced that the current passenger flight suspension will be extended by one week until Saturday, May 9. The airline, which originally halted passenger flights on March 27, was set to resume flights on Saturday, May 2. Over the coming weeks, the airline will reportedly operate special flights to and from select destinations in Europe and the United States, including London (UK), Paris (France), and Miami (US). As of April 26, foreign nationals remain barred from entering the country and most airlines have suspended direct flights to Israel.
On Tuesday, April 21, Israeli authorities announced a nationwide lockdown ahead of the country's Independence Day on Wednesday, April 29. Starting on the evening (local time) of Tuesday, April 28, travel between cities is prohibited until the morning of Thursday, April 30, and residents must stay within 100 m (328 ft) of their homes. Precise start and end times to the lockdown were not immediately available. Before and after the aforementioned lockdown period, strict social distancing measures are to be respected.
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu announced on Saturday, April 18, that some of the COVID-19 containment measures would begin to ease from Sunday, April 19, due to slower infection rates. Workplaces are allowed to increase staffing levels from 15 percent to 30 percent, with more of the workforce able to return in some industries. Shops that sell electronics and household goods, opticians, and other stores may reopen as long as strict social distancing measures are in place. Malls and large markets are to remain closed. Individuals are also permitted to travel up to 500 m (1650 ft) from their homes and are permitted to exercise with one person. Outdoor prayers of up to ten people can be held as long as there are 2 m (7 ft) between each person, and everyone is wearing a mask. Netanyahu warned that previous restrictive measures may be reimplemented if infection rates increase.
Other restrictions remain in place, including requiring all individuals to wear masks in public. The Al-Aqsa mosque compound in Jerusalem will remain closed during Ramadan and Muslim citizens are being asked to avoid family feasts and other associated gatherings. Ramadan began on Thursday, April 23, and is expected to end on Friday, May 22.
As of Wednesday, April 29, there have been 15,782 confirmed COVID-19 cases and 212 associated fatalities in the country. Further international spread of the virus is to be expected over the near term.
The first case of COVID-19 was reported on December 31 and the source of the outbreak has been linked to a wet market in Wuhan (Hubei province, China). Human-to-human and patient-to-medical staff transmission of the virus have been confirmed. Many of the associated fatalities have been due to pneumonia caused by the virus.
Cases of the virus have been confirmed in numerous countries and territories worldwide. Virus-screening and quarantining measures are being implemented at airports worldwide, as well as extensive travel restrictions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the outbreak a pandemic.
Pneumonia symptoms include dry cough, chest pain, fever, and labored breathing. Pneumonia can be contagious and can be transmitted from human to human. The influenza virus, or the flu, is a common cause of viral pneumonia.
Measures adopted by local authorities evolve quickly and are usually effective immediately. Depending on the evolution of the outbreak in other countries, authorities are likely to modify, at very short notice, the list of countries whose travelers are subject to border control measures or entry restrictions upon their arrival to the territory in question. It is advised to postpone nonessential travel due to the risk that travelers may be refused entry or be subject to quarantine upon their arrival or during their stay.
To reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission, travelers are advised to abide by the following measures:
- Frequently clean hands by applying an alcohol-based hand rub or washing with soap and water.
- When coughing and sneezing, cover mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue; if used, throw the tissue away immediately and wash hands.
- If experiencing a fever, cough, difficulty breathing, or any other symptoms suggestive of respiratory illness, including pneumonia, call emergency services before going to the doctor or hospital to prevent the potential spread of the virus.
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