Alertes de sécurité

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19 juin 2020 | 20h43 UTC

US: Authorities impose mandatory wearing of face masks in public in California June 18 /update 60

United States of America Alerte de sécurité

Californian state authorities make wearing of face masks mandatory outside the home from June 18; follow authority directives

TIMEFRAME expected from 19/6/2020, 12h00 until 24/7/2020, 11h59 (America/Los_Angeles). COUNTRY/REGION United States, California

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Event

On Thursday, June 18, California state Governor Gavin Newsom announced that the wearing of face masks outside the home will be compulsory in the state due to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. The order includes people who are in vehicles. There are exceptions to the order for those eating and drinking in restaurants or those undertaking outdoor exercise, providing they maintain a six ft (1.8 m) distance from others. State and local authorities have the power to charge those not complying with the order, although it has not been clearly defined how this will be enforced. Nearly all states have some face covering guidelines, although those now imposed by California are believed to be among the strictest. California, like most states, is undergoing a gradual easing of COVID-19 restrictions imposed in March.

The US government announced that land border restrictions with Canada and Mexico will be extended through July 21. The measures, which were due to expire on Monday, June 22, limit border crossings to those who are entering for essential work such as truck drivers, healthcare professionals, and airline crew.

Travelers arriving from the Schengen Area, the UK, Iran, or China, or have transited through these locations in the past 14 days, are not permitted to enter the US as of Thursday, June 18. Nationals, permanent residents, or their spouses, are exempt from this ban. Those exempt must arrive in the US through one of 15 approved airports, which are listed here

As of Friday, June 19, authorities have confirmed 2,206,630 cases of COVID-19 in the country and 118,809 associated deaths. Further international spread of the virus is to be expected over the near term.

Context

The first case of COVID-19 was reported on December 31 and the source of the outbreak has been linked to a wet market in Wuhan (Hubei province, China). Human-to-human and patient-to-medical staff transmission of the virus have been confirmed. Many of the associated fatalities have been due to pneumonia caused by the virus.

Cases of the virus have been confirmed in numerous countries and territories worldwide. Virus-screening and quarantining measures are being implemented at airports worldwide, as well as extensive travel restrictions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the global outbreak a pandemic.

Pneumonia symptoms include dry cough, chest pain, fever, and trouble breathing. Pneumonia can be contagious and can be transmitted from human to human. The influenza virus, or the flu, is a common cause of viral pneumonia.

Advice

Measures adopted by local authorities evolve quickly and are usually effective immediately. Depending on the evolution of the outbreak in other countries, authorities are likely to modify, at very short notice, the list of countries whose travelers are subject to border control measures or entry restrictions upon their arrival to the territory in question. It is advised to postpone nonessential travel due to the risk that travelers may be refused entry or be subject to quarantine upon their arrival or during their stay.

To reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission, travelers are advised to abide by the following measures:

  • Frequently clean hands by applying an alcohol-based hand rub or washing with soap and water.
  • When coughing and sneezing, cover mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue; if used, throw the tissue away immediately and wash hands.
  • If experiencing a fever, cough, difficulty breathing, or any other symptoms suggestive of respiratory illness, including pneumonia, call emergency services before going to the doctor or hospital to prevent the potential spread of the disease.

 

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