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13 juill. 2020 | 21h26 UTC

US: California orders businesses to stop indoor activities July 13 /update 70

United States of America Alerte de sécurité

Authorities order businesses to stop indoor activities in California on July 13; follow government directives

TIMEFRAME expected from 13/7/2020, 12h00 until 13/8/2020, 11h59 (America/Los_Angeles). COUNTRY/REGION California

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Event

On Monday, July 13, California Governor Gavin Newsom ordered all businesses to stop all indoor activities due to a rise in coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases across the state. The orders to close indoor operations will apply for restaurants, cinemas, museums, casinos, and wineries across the state. However, bars have been ordered to close completely and have not been given the option to continue with outdoor services. Additionally, shopping malls, places of worship, hair salons, barbershops, fitness centers, and offices for non-essential services have also been ordered to discontinue all indoor operations in 30 counties, including the counties of Los Angeles, San Diego, Riverside, and Orange. Governor Newsom did not give an indication of how long the restrictions will remain in place. The decision comes after 8358 people tested positive for COVID-19 in the state within the previous 24 hours. Separately, it was also announced on Monday that schools in San Diego and Los Angeles will not reopen for classes in August.

On June 18, Newsom announced that the wearing of face masks outside the home is compulsory in California. The order includes people who are in vehicles. There are exceptions to the order for those eating and drinking in restaurants or those undertaking outdoor exercise, providing they maintain a 6 ft (1.8 m) distance from others. State and local authorities have the power to charge those not complying with the order. Nearly all states have some face-covering guidelines, although those now imposed by California are believed to be among the strictest.

The US government announced that land border restrictions with Canada and Mexico will be extended through July 21. The measures, which were due to expire on June 22, limit border crossings to those who are entering for essential work such as truck drivers, healthcare professionals, and airline crew.  

Travelers arriving from the Schengen Area, the UK, Iran, or China, or have transited through these locations in the past 14 days, are not permitted to enter the US as of June 18. Nationals, permanent residents, or their spouses, are exempt from this ban. Those exempt must arrive in the US through one of 15 approved airports, which are listed here.

As of July 13, there have been 3,341,838 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in the US, and 135,425 associated fatalities. Further international spread of the virus is expected in the near term.

Context

The first case of COVID-19 was reported on December 31 and the source of the outbreak has been linked to a wet market in Wuhan (Hubei province, China). Human-to-human and patient-to-medical staff transmission of the virus have been confirmed. Many of the associated fatalities have been due to pneumonia caused by the virus.

Cases of the virus have been confirmed in numerous countries and territories worldwide. Virus-screening and quarantining measures are being implemented at airports worldwide, as well as extensive travel restrictions. On March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the global outbreak a pandemic.

Pneumonia symptoms include dry cough, chest pain, fever, and trouble breathing. Pneumonia can be contagious and can be transmitted from human to human. The influenza virus, or the flu, is a common cause of viral pneumonia.

Advice

Measures adopted by local authorities evolve quickly and are usually effective immediately. Depending on the evolution of the outbreak in other countries, authorities are likely to modify, at very short notice, the list of countries whose travelers are subject to border control measures or entry restrictions upon their arrival to the territory in question. It is advised to postpone nonessential travel due to the risk that travelers may be refused entry or be subject to quarantine upon their arrival or during their stay.

To reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission, travelers are advised to abide by the following measures:

  • Frequently clean hands by applying an alcohol-based hand rub or washing with soap and water.
  • When coughing and sneezing, cover mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue; if used, throw the tissue away immediately and wash hands.
  • If experiencing a fever, cough, difficulty breathing, or any other symptoms suggestive of respiratory illness, including pneumonia, call emergency services before going to the doctor or hospital to prevent the potential spread of the disease.

 

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