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28 nov. 2020 | 19h44 UTC

Ethiopia: Government claims capture of Tigrayan capital Mekelle November 28 /update 18

Ethiopia Alerte de sécurité

Ethiopian government claims federal forces have seized Tigrayan capital Mekelle on November 28; further fighting expected in the region over the near term

TIMEFRAME expected from 28/11/2020, 12h00 until 30/11/2020, 11h59 (Africa/Addis_Ababa). COUNTRY/REGION Tigray, Mekelle

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Event

On Saturday, November 28, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed announced that the Ethiopian National Defence Force (ENDF) had seized Mekelle, the Tigrayan regional capital. The prime minister made the announcement on his social media page on Saturday. Military sources reiterated the claim and state television reported that federal forces were in full control of the city by 19:00 (local time). In a later post, Abiy announced that military operations in the region had been completed and that federal police would continue the task of apprehending members of the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF). Abiy stated that federal troops had taken control of the airport, public institutions, the regional administration office, and other critical facilities. He also claimed that the offensive had been completed without casualties to civilians. The TPLF have not commented on the announcement by the prime minister. Communication issues and restricted access in the conflict region have made verifying the claims of both sides difficult.

Despite the government's claims of victory, further military clashes are likely in and around the Tigray region in the near term, with a realistic possibility of civilian harm in major flashpoint areas.

Context

Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed announced that he had ordered a military offensive in the Tigray Region on November 4, after accusing security forces aligned with the TPLF administration of attacking ENDF positions in the state. The operation follows two years of escalating tensions between the TPLF and the federal government in Addis Ababa, which they had previously dominated before the appointment of Abiy as prime minister in 2018, amid claims that the region was being marginalized by his sweeping reforms program. However, tensions reached a high point in September when the TPLF staged their own local elections in the Tigray region in defiance of a decision by the government to suspend national polls due to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. The federal government subsequently declared the vote illegal and the upper house of Ethiopia's parliament voted to withhold budgetary subsidies to Tigray in early October. Amid the rising tensions, regional authorities had issued a statement on November 3 accusing Addis Ababa of planning a war in the Tigray region.

Although no official casualty figures have been confirmed, fatalities are reported to have rapidly reached the hundreds and have been rising as fighting continues. As well as intense fighting in western areas of the region, particularly around Dansheha and Humera, there have also been allegations of attacks on civilians in some areas. On November 12, rights group Amnesty International claimed that scores of civilians had been killed in the May Cadera area of the Tigray region on November 9, allegedly in a retaliatory attack by retreating TPLF-aligned forces. However, the incident has not been independently confirmed. The TPLF claimed responsibility for previous rocket attacks that targeted airports in Bahir Dar and Gondar (Amhara region) which occurred on November 13, in addition to similar attacks against the Eritrean capital, Asmara

Government forces began their "final phase" of the operation to capture the regional capital Mekelle after a 72-hour ultimatum issued on Wednesday, November 22, for the TPLF to surrender the city expired. 

Advice

Those in the Tigray region are advised to monitor developments in their area of operations and liaise with appropriate consular authorities. Travelers should avoid the Tigray Region and northern areas of the Amhara region whilst hostilities continue and heed any directives issued by local authorities.

 

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