Aid groups have urged humanitarian intervention in Marawi as at least 2000 civilians remain trapped in the besieged city, after gunfire and explosions ended a four-hour ceasefire between security forces and Islamic State (IS) militants on Monday, June 5. Rescue efforts have been suspended, and a breakdown in communications between Philippine officials and the military has been blamed for the suspension.
Only 170 people were led to safety before gunfire, explosions, and shelling forced rescuers to retreat. Approximately 14 of the 170 people rescued had to be hospitalized, many of them suffering from malnutrition. There are conflicting reports as to who broke the truce.
Checkpoints at all entry and exit points of Marawi City remain in place and military units have been deployed around Mindanao (including the city of Davao) out of fears of retaliatory attacks. Martial law has been imposed across the region in an attempt to prevent IS from establishing a stronghold in the country. The official death toll from over a week of fighting in Marawi between the military and IS affiliated militants is 178, including 60 militants. More than 224,000 residents of Marawi and nearby towns have been displaced as a result of the fighting.
An estimated 100 militants entered Marawi on May 23, following a botched raid carried out by security forces on a hideout of the commander of the Abu Sayyaf militant group, Isnilon Hapilon. Hapilon is wanted by the United States for carrying out terrorist attacks targeting US citizens in the Philippines. He is also suspected of attempting to unite Philippine militant groups that have pledged allegiance to IS.
Individuals present in the region are advised to remain vigilant, to monitor the situation, and to obey all instructions issued by the local authorities.
On a related note, most Western government advised against nonessential travel to the eastern Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua, to Central Sulawesi province (especially Palu, Poso, and Tentena), and to Maluku province (especially Ambon), due to potential for violent conflict.
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